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3-step-test
A limitation of the reproduction Right is possible under the following three conditions:
  • in certain special cases,
  • provided that such reproduction does not conflict with a normal exploitation of the Work and
  • does not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the author.
Source: Art. 9 para. 2 Berne Convention, Art. 5 para. 5 EC directive information society, Art. 10 WCT
Swiss Authors' Rights
Cooperative for Audiovisual Works
Term language:
Declaration Language:
Current: 3-step-test
3-step-test
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A limitation of the reproduction Right is possible under the following three conditions:
  • in certain special cases,
  • provided that such reproduction does not conflict with a normal exploitation of the Work and
  • does not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the author.
Source: Art. 9 para. 2 Berne Convention, Art. 5 para. 5 EC directive information society, Art. 10 WCT