The owner of a Copyright
is entitled to approve or forbid its utilization. In the case of rights where the law prescribes a collective rights management obligation such as for the Retransmission
right, the individual Right
holder can no longer personally assert these rights - to allow or to prohibit - but only through a collective rights management society. The prohibition Right
(that is to say the Right
to forbid utilization) is therefore reserved to the collective rights management organizations in order to enforce the agreed conditions in respect of the users.
Source: e.g. Art. 22 FCL; BGE 133 III 568ff